1. “In the last two decades a number of tragic cases of ‘institutional sexual abuse’
    in England and Wales, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland have
    demonstrated the vulnerability of children in environments traditionally
    considered secure such as homes, clubs and schools (see The Times, 1996;
    Guardian, 1998a, 1998b; Irish Times, 1998). In Northern Ireland and the
    Republic some of the most high profile of these cases have, for the most part,
    centred on the wrongdoing of individuals rather than institutions. In relation
    to the former jurisdiction, the **Kincorra** scandal (DHSS (NI), 1982; HMSO,
    1985; Moore, 1996)13 and the cases of care worker Martin Huston (DHSS
    (NI), 1993)14 and head master Lindsay Brown (DENI, 1999)15 resulted in a
    series of public inquiries, reports and guidelines which underlined the
    importance of developing effective procedures to prevent unsuitable people
    from working with children. One of the most recent cases in Northern
    Ireland was the Barnardo’s case in 2004 where Margaret Hewitt and Robert
    Anderson were found guilty of a total of 70 sexual offences against eight
    children which took place at a Barnardo’s home between 1977 and 1981 (BBC
    News On-line, 2004).”

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